HOW PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE IS BORN?

Psychological science study about our thoughts, feelings, and actions and etc. Psychology as a subject started when human beings asked questions like who we are?


Psychology as a subject started when human beings asked questions like who we are?

How our thoughts, feelings, and actions are produced and how do we understand and manage our environment and people around us.

Psychological science is born.

It is human nature to be curious about ourselves and the world around us.

Before 300 B.C.E the Greek naturalist and philosopher Aristotle spoke about learning memory, motivation, emotion perception, and personality.

Some of the ideas put forward by him were like heavy meal produces gases and it makes us sleepy. It also collects heat and surrounds the heart which becomes a source of personality. Though in modern times, we laugh at Aristotle's guesses. But we have to acknowledge that at least he was asking the right questions.

ASKING RIGHT QUESTIONS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT THING IN THIS WORLD

Philosopher's thinking about human behavior continued till the birth of psychology until December 1879 when Wilhelm Wundt started a laboratory at the University of Leipzig in Germany.

He developed an experimental apparatus to measure reaction time. He observed that people take a long time to be aware of their awareness, e.g., his machine measured the time lag between people's hearing a ball hit a platform and they are pressing a telegraph key. People responded in about one-tenth of a second when asked to press the key as soon as the sound occurred and in about two-tenths of a second when asked to press the key as soon as they were consciously aware of perceiving the sound.

Wundt was trying to measure "atoms of mind" - the fastest and simple mental processes Thus, the first psychological laboratory was staffed by Wundt and his graduate students. Soon the new science of psychology became organized into two different branches or schools of thought. These two early schools were structuralism and functionalism.



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