Biopsychosocial Approach

Bio-Psycho-Social Approach

PSYCHOLOGY'S THREE MAIN LEVELS OF ANALYSIS WORKS? Each of these levels gives a unique advantage to look at behavior or mental processes. BY AYUSH

Each one of us is a complex system that is part of a larger social system. At the micro-level, we are made up of smaller systems such as the nervous system and body organs, which is made up of still smaller systems such as cells, molecules, and atoms. These tiered systems suggest that different levels of analysis are complementary because everything is related to everything else. All these levels put together are called the biopsychosocial approach.

Biological influences include influences such as the natural selection of adaptive traits, genetic predisposition of responding to the environment, brain mechanism, and hormonal influences.

Psychological influences include learned fears and expectations, emotional responses, cognitive processing, and perceptual interpretations. These two contribute to behavior or mental processes that are expressed in socio-cultural conditions like the presence of others, expectations of family, society, and culture, the influence of friends, other groups, and compelling models such as media. Understanding at each level gives a perspective to human behavior.

Each of these levels gives a unique advantage to look at behavior or mental processes. Yet each by itself is incomplete. Psychologists have a variety of perspectives and ask different questions and have their own limits. For example, let us see how different perspectives understand anger.

A person studying from a neuroscience perspective will focus on brain circuits that cause anger.

The evolutionary perspective will focus on how anger has helped the survival of the organism.

Behavior genetics may study how heredity and experience influence individual differences in temperament.

The psychodynamic perspective may say that it is an expression of unconscious hostility.

A behavioral perspective may try to see which external stimuli trigger anger.

The cognitive perspective will explain how a given situation affects our anger and how anger affects our Thinking.

The socio-cultural perspective will concern itself with how the expression of anger may vary in different socio-cultural conditions.


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  3. The many methods of observation in psychology are referred to as the Levels of Analysis, or LOA. Biological, cognitive, and social are the three LOAs. Analysis is based on the goals of our research. The depth of analysis in psychology will entirely depend on what the client expects from the psychologist. The psychologist's job is to determine what will benefit the client the most.


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